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Glossary Index

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S
SAE

SAE International

SAE International is a global association of more than 138,000 engineers and related technical experts in the aerospace, automotive and commercial-vehicle industries. SAE International's core competencies are life-long learning and voluntary consensus standards development. SAE International's charitable arm is the SAE Foundation, which supports many programs, including A World In Motion® and the Collegiate Design Series.
Source: SAE website
SAE International

SAE

SAE International is a global association of more than 138,000 engineers and related technical experts in the aerospace, automotive and commercial-vehicle industries. SAE International's core competencies are life-long learning and voluntary consensus standards development. SAE International's charitable arm is the SAE Foundation, which supports many programs, including A World In Motion® and the Collegiate Design Series.
Source: SAE website
Sandblasting


Sandblasting is the process of smoothing, shaping, or cleaning a hard surface by forcing solid particles across that surface at high speeds. See also Microblasting and Relabeling.
Source: “Screening for Counterfeit Electronic Parts” by Bhanu Sood and Diganta Das – Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering.
Sanding


The act of removing original manufacturer markings by sanding or other abrasive process. In terms of counterfeiting, the act of removing the top and/or bottom markings on a chip for the purpose of remarking.
Source: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B.
Scrap


Devices rejected during manufacturing are sent to recyclers to salvage precious metals. Recyclers may certify destruction without scrapping devices and subsequently sell it back into the supply chain.

Source: iNEMI, "Development of a Methodology to Determine Risk of Counterfeit Use" by Mark Schaffer.


Defective, damaged, or used electronic parts or systems from which electronic parts may be scavenged.

Source: Defense Industrial Base Assessment: Counterfeit Electronics prepared by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Technology Evaluation


Scrape Test

Scratch Test

The irregular removal of a deposited layer from a base material by a shearing action from another surface such that the base material is exposed over an extended area. It can also apply to the removal of surface layers from a material. The material removed from the scraped area may build up at the edges of the scrape. ERAI Note: Scrape tests are commonly used to determine if a part has been blacktopped; however, industry consensus is that scrape tests are not accurate measures to determine a part’s authenticity and should not be used as a stand-alone inspection criteria.
Source: Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International, SEMI® International Standards: Compilation of Terms (Updated 1108).
Scratch Test

Scrape Test

The irregular removal of a deposited layer from a base material by a shearing action from another surface such that the base material is exposed over an extended area. It can also apply to the removal of surface layers from a material. The material removed from the scraped area may build up at the edges of the scrape. ERAI Note: Scrape tests are commonly used to determine if a part has been blacktopped; however, industry consensus is that scrape tests are not accurate measures to determine a part’s authenticity and should not be used as a stand-alone inspection criteria.
Source: Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International, SEMI® International Standards: Compilation of Terms (Updated 1108).
Section 818

DOD Section 818
NDAA 2012 Section 818

(1.) Directs the Secretary to assess DOD acquisition policies and systems for the detection and avoidance of counterfeit electronic parts. (2.) Outlines specific actions to be taken by the Secretary following such assessment, including revising the DOD Supplement to FAR to address such detection and avoidance. (3.) Provides contractor responsibilities relating to such detection and avoidance. (4.) Requires DOD contractors and subcontractors at all tiers, whenever possible, to obtain electronic parts from trusted suppliers (as compiled by DOD). (5.) Requires any DOD contractor or subcontractor who becomes aware of or has reason to suspect that any end item, component, part, or material contained in supplies purchased by DOD is counterfeit to report such fact to appropriate government authorities and the Government-Industry Data Exchange Program. (6.) Directs the Secretary of Homeland Security to establish a methodology for the targeting of imported electronic parts as counterfeit sources. (7.) Requires the DOD Secretary to implement a program to enhance contractor detection and avoidance of counterfeit electronic parts. (8.) Amends the federal criminal code to provide criminal penalties for the intentional trafficking in counterfeit military goods or services. (9.) Requires the Attorney General to include in an annual report to Congress on Department of Justice (DOJ) business all DOJ actions taken with respect to such trafficking.
Source: GovTrack Website.
SEMI T20-0710


The semiconductor industry has lacked standardized methods to validate the integrity of goods from non-certified distributors or suppliers. The purpose of this specification is to describe the system architecture aspect of an authentication process to establish the trusted identity of products or objects. This specification is the basic element of a suite of standards. This suite of standards is being developed in response to a request from the Anti-Counterfeiting Task Force aimed at enabling automated, reliable, and secure product authentication for the semiconductor industry, thereby reducing the presence of illegal counterfeit items in the marketplace.
Revision Number: 0710
Date Published: 2010-09-04
Source: SEMI website
Solder Bridge


A solder bridge is caused by excess solder between two electrical conductors resulting in an unintentional electrical connection.
Solder Cream

Solder Paste

Solder paste (or solder cream) is used to connect the leads of surface mount integrated chip packages to attachment points (lands) in the circuit patterns on a printed circuit board. The paste is typically applied to the lands using a stencil to "print" the paste, although other methods, like dispensing from a tube, are also used.
Source: Wikipedia.
Solder Overflow


Solder overflow is the appearance of uneven solder flowing out of and around the solder joint area.
Source: Fusite – Emerson website.
Solder Paste

Solder Cream

Solder paste (or solder cream) is used to connect the leads of surface mount integrated chip packages to attachment points (lands) in the circuit patterns on a printed circuit board. The paste is typically applied to the lands using a stencil to "print" the paste, although other methods, like dispensing from a tube, are also used.
Source: Wikipedia.
Solder Splash


Solder splash is recognized by small bursts of solder extending away from the solder joint. ERAI Note: Solder splash is not commonly a manufacturing byproduct.
Source: Fusite – Emerson website.
Solderability Testing


The purpose of this test method is to provide a means of determining the solderability of device package terminations that are intended to be joined to another surface using lead- (Pb-) containing or Pb-free solder for the attachment.
Source: JEDEC Standard, JESD22-B102E: Solderability.
Stocking Distributor


A Distributor that stocks inventory.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
Supplier


A blanket description of all sources of supply for a part. Types of Suppliers include OCM, OEM, Authorized (Franchised) Distributor, Independent Distributor, Broker Distributor, Stocking Distributor, Aftermarket Manufacturer, Government Supply Depot, and 3PL Provider.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
Supply Chain Traceability


Documented evidence of a part’s supply chain history. This refers to documentation of all supply chain intermediaries and significant handling transactions, such as from OCM to distributor, or from excess inventory to broker to distributor.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
Suspect counterfeit electronic part


"Suspect counterfeit electronic part" means an electronic part for which credible evidence (including, but not limited to, visual inspection or testing) provides reasonable doubt that the electronic part is authentic.
Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement, Part 252—Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses, 252.246-7007 Contractor Counterfeit Electronic Part Detection and Avoidance System, (Revised May 6, 2014).