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Glossary

 



Glossary Index

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B
Barcode


An internationally recognized symbology where the method of printed bars and spaces are used to represent numbers, letters, or punctuation marks that are read rapidly by a laser scanner or some other interface to an electronic database for identification and other inventory control purposes.
Source: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B
Barcode Scanner


Used to read and convert the information from barcodes (on labels) to human-readable form. These instruments are very reasonably priced and will produce human-readable results within popular application, such as Microsoft® Word, and are useful for detecting some counterfeit labels.
Source: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B
Batch Code

Batch Number

Code identifying a specific batch of a bulk or packaged material.
Source: Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International, SEMI® International Standards: Compilation of Terms (Updated 1108).
Batch Number

Batch Code

Code identifying a specific batch of a bulk or packaged material.
Source: Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International, SEMI® International Standards: Compilation of Terms (Updated 1108).
Bill of Material

BOM

A list of components, assemblies and/or material required to manufacture a product.
BOM

Bill of Material

A list of components, assemblies and/or material required to manufacture a product.
Bond Wire


The wires used to make an electrical connection from the external leads to the die.
Source: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B
Broker Distributor


A type of Independent Distributor that works in a “Just in Time” (JIT) environment. Customers contact the Broker Distributor with requirements identifying the part number, quantity, target price, and date required. The Broker Distributor searches the industry and locates parts that meet the target price and other Customer requirements. Broker Distributors do not have contractual agreements or obligations with OCMs.

Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors


Companies/individuals engaged in the marketing of electronic parts, often scarce parts. Brokers frequently do not actually possess in inventory the parts being sought, but act as “middle men” to arrange the sale of the part from a third party.

Source: Defense Industrial Base Assessment: Counterfeit Electronics prepared by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Technology Evaluation


Bulk


(1) Bulk is a term used to describe product that is being shipped loosely in boxes or bags. (2) A term used by Authorized (Franchised) Distributor to describe large quantity shipments of material packaged in tubes, trays or on reels.
Burn-In


Burn-in is a common term in the electronics industry and is the holding of an electrical device at an elevated temperature for a specified number of hours, generally with bias and an electrical load applied. (Bias is the application of an external d.c. voltage to set the upper and lower operating limits of a device) This is done in an attempt to stress all elements of the device at maximum rated operating conditions in order to reveal all stress and time dependent failure modes. In effect, burn-in is an accelerated aging process and is used particularly for semiconductor devices such as transistors, integrated circuits, etc.

Source: FDA website


A test which involves running a system or device for a period of time to ensure that all components are working properly.

Source: Defense Industrial Base Assessment: Counterfeit Electronics prepared by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of Technology Evaluation