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Glossary

 



Glossary Index

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I
IDEA

Independent Distributors of Electronics Association

Acronym for the Independent Distributors of Electronics Association. The Independent Distributors of Electronics Association (IDEA) is a global trade association comprised of organizations dedicated to quality initiatives that provide Responsible Procurement Solutions™ to the supply chain. IDEA seeks to fulfill this mission through sustained leadership in the implementation of quality standards, certifications, best practices, and counterfeit detection methods as well as the cooperation and education of all stakeholders through the development and dissemination of relevant standards, training, and certification programs that promote industry quality, knowledge, and integrity.
Source: IDEA website
IDEA Standard 1010B

IDEA-STD-1010B

The Standard sets forth practices and requirements for visual examination and acceptability criteria of electronic components purchased and sold in the Open Market. Practices are generally accepted industry methods and are provided in the Standard for guidance only; they are not mandatory. Requirements are mandatory conditions essential for indicating acceptable products in accordance with the Standard. Revision B of the Standard includes new sections that provide reference and guidelines for the use of Test Facilities and the understanding and use of advanced inspection techniques.
Source: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B
IDEA-STD-1010B

IDEA Standard 1010B

The Standard sets forth practices and requirements for visual examination and acceptability criteria of electronic components purchased and sold in the Open Market. Practices are generally accepted industry methods and are provided in the Standard for guidance only; they are not mandatory. Requirements are mandatory conditions essential for indicating acceptable products in accordance with the Standard. Revision B of the Standard includes new sections that provide reference and guidelines for the use of Test Facilities and the understanding and use of advanced inspection techniques.
Source: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B
IDEA-STD-1010-B


The standard sets forth practices and requirements for visual examination and acceptability criteria of electronic components purchased and sold in the Open Market.
Revision Number: B
Date Published: April 2011
Source: IDEA website
IEC/TS 62668-1 ed2.0


IEC TS 62668-1:2014(en) defines requirements for avoiding the use of counterfeit, recycled and fraudulent components used in the aerospace, defence and high performance (ADHP) industries. It also defines requirements for ADHP industries to maintain their intellectual property for all of their products and services. The risks associated with purchasing components outside of franchised distributor networks are considered in IEC TS 62668-2. Although developed for the avionics industry, this specification may be applied by other high performance and high reliability industries at their discretion. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
  • update of "fraudulent component" definition, addition of "recycled component" and "suspect component" definitions, and update of the concerned clauses accordingly;
  • addition of counterfeit awareness training as a requirement;
  • revision to update all references and web links in the annexes.
Revision Number: 2.0
Date Published: 2014-07-10
Source: International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) website
Independent Distributor


A distributor that purchases parts with the intention to sell and redistribute them back into the market. Purchased parts may be obtained from Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) or Contract Manufacturers (typically from excess inventories), or from other Distributors (Franchised, Authorized, or Independent). Resale of the purchased parts (redistribution) may be to OEMs, Contract Manufacturers, or other Distributors. Independent Distributors do not normally have contractual agreements or obligations with OCMs. See definition or “Authorized (Franchised) Distributor”.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
Independent Distributors of Electronics Association

IDEA

Acronym for the Independent Distributors of Electronics Association. The Independent Distributors of Electronics Association (IDEA) is a global trade association comprised of organizations dedicated to quality initiatives that provide Responsible Procurement Solutions™ to the supply chain. IDEA seeks to fulfill this mission through sustained leadership in the implementation of quality standards, certifications, best practices, and counterfeit detection methods as well as the cooperation and education of all stakeholders through the development and dissemination of relevant standards, training, and certification programs that promote industry quality, knowledge, and integrity.
Source: IDEA website
Industry Standards


A set of criteria within an industry relating to the standard functioning and carrying out of operations in its respective field of production. Generally accepted requirements followed by the members of an industry. It provides an orderly and systematic formulation, adoption, or application of standards used in a particular industry or sector of the economy. Industry standards vary from one industry to another (e.g. SAE AS5553A, SAE AS6462, SAE AS6081, SAE ARP6178, SAE AS6174, SAE AS6301).
Secretary of the Navy SECNAV INSTRUCTION 4855.20
Integrated Circuit


Integrated circuits, also referred to as ICs, are devices with multiple circuits on a single die. The die is generally made of etched silicon, although technology has evolved for specification applications, such as Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) for ultra-high frequencies. There is a wide variation of integrated circuit complexity, including both digital and analog signal storage and management. There are two types of integrated circuits: Monolithic and Hybrids. Monolithic ICs are made of semiconductor devices and may include passive components, manufactured in a single die. Hybrid ICs are made of semiconductor devices and may include passive components but bonded together in a common substrate or board. Hybrid ICs can also be a combination of two or more ICs and/or other discrete components (like some power drivers, combining a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) with a Control IC). Integrated Circuits are generally classified as: Analog • Operational Amplifiers • FM transceivers • Regulators • RF Prescalers Digital • Memory • Processors • Controllers • FPGA Mixed-Signal • Digital-to-analog converters • Analog-to-digital converters • Motor Drivers • Power Management Devices
Source: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B and White Horse Laboratories.
Interior Defect


(1) A counterfeit indicator. (2)Defects related to the interior structure of a device. (e.g. bond wires, die, etc.) See: Physical Defect, Exterior Defect Note: “Interior defects are mainly divided into two types: bond wire and die-related defects. Some common defects related to bond wires are missing/broken bond wires inside the package, a poor connection between the die and bond wire, etc. The die reveals a significant amount of relevant information regarding the component. Die-related defects include die markings, cracks, etc.”"
Source: “Counterfeit Integrated Circuits: Detection, Avoidance, and the Challenges Ahead” by Ujjwal Guin, Daniel DiMase and Mohammad Tehranipoor
International Organization for Standardization

ISO

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards. International Standards give state of the art specifications for products, services and good practice, helping to make industry more efficient and effective. Developed through global consensus, they help to break down barriers to international trade.
Source: ISO website
ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards. International Standards give state of the art specifications for products, services and good practice, helping to make industry more efficient and effective. Developed through global consensus, they help to break down barriers to international trade.
Source: ISO website
ISO 14001

ISO 14001 – Environmental Management Standard

ISO 14001:2004 sets out the criteria for an environmental management system and can be certified to. It does not state requirements for environmental performance, but maps out a framework that a company or organization can follow to set up an effective environmental management system. It can be used by any organization regardless of its activity or sector. Using ISO 14001:2004 can provide assurance to company management and employees as well as external stakeholders that environmental impact is being measured and improved. The benefits of using ISO 14001:2004 can include: • Reduced cost of waste management • Savings in consumption of energy and materials • Lower distribution costs • Improved corporate image among regulators, customers and the public
Source: ISO website
ISO 14001 – Environmental Management Standard

ISO 14001

ISO 14001:2004 sets out the criteria for an environmental management system and can be certified to. It does not state requirements for environmental performance, but maps out a framework that a company or organization can follow to set up an effective environmental management system. It can be used by any organization regardless of its activity or sector. Using ISO 14001:2004 can provide assurance to company management and employees as well as external stakeholders that environmental impact is being measured and improved. The benefits of using ISO 14001:2004 can include: • Reduced cost of waste management • Savings in consumption of energy and materials • Lower distribution costs • Improved corporate image among regulators, customers and the public
Source: ISO website
ISO 9001

ISO 9001 – Quality Management Standard

ISO 9001:2008 sets out the criteria for a quality management system and is the only standard in the family that can be certified to (although this is not a requirement). It can be used by any organization, large or small, regardless of its field of activity. In fact ISO 9001:2008 is implemented by over one million companies and organizations in over 170 countries. The standard is based on a number of quality management principles including a strong customer focus, the motivation and implication of top management, the process approach and continual improvement. These principles are explained in more detail in the pdf Quality Management Principles. Using ISO 9001:2008 helps ensure that customers get consistent, good quality products and services, which in turn brings many business benefits. Checking that the system works is a vital part of ISO 9001:2008. An organization must perform internal audits to check how its quality management system is working. An organization may decide to invite an independent certification body to verify that it is in conformity to the standard, but there is no requirement for this. Alternatively, it might invite its clients to audit the quality system for themselves. Read more about certification to management system standards.
Source: ISO website
ISO 9001 – Quality Management Standard

ISO 9001

ISO 9001:2008 sets out the criteria for a quality management system and is the only standard in the family that can be certified to (although this is not a requirement). It can be used by any organization, large or small, regardless of its field of activity. In fact ISO 9001:2008 is implemented by over one million companies and organizations in over 170 countries. The standard is based on a number of quality management principles including a strong customer focus, the motivation and implication of top management, the process approach and continual improvement. These principles are explained in more detail in the pdf Quality Management Principles. Using ISO 9001:2008 helps ensure that customers get consistent, good quality products and services, which in turn brings many business benefits. Checking that the system works is a vital part of ISO 9001:2008. An organization must perform internal audits to check how its quality management system is working. An organization may decide to invite an independent certification body to verify that it is in conformity to the standard, but there is no requirement for this. Alternatively, it might invite its clients to audit the quality system for themselves. Read more about certification to management system standards.
Source: ISO website
ISO/IEC 17025 - General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories

ISO/IEC 17025:2005

ISO/IEC 17025:2005 specifies the general requirements for the competence to carry out tests and/or calibrations, including sampling. It covers testing and calibration performed using standard methods, non-standard methods, and laboratory-developed methods. It is applicable to all organizations performing tests and/or calibrations. These include, for example, first-, second- and third-party laboratories, and laboratories where testing and/or calibration forms part of inspection and product certification.
Source: ISO website
ISO/IEC 17025:2005

ISO/IEC 17025 - General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories

ISO/IEC 17025:2005 specifies the general requirements for the competence to carry out tests and/or calibrations, including sampling. It covers testing and calibration performed using standard methods, non-standard methods, and laboratory-developed methods. It is applicable to all organizations performing tests and/or calibrations. These include, for example, first-, second- and third-party laboratories, and laboratories where testing and/or calibration forms part of inspection and product certification.
Source: ISO website