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Glossary

 



Glossary Index

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P
Packaging (Component)

Component Packaging

Component packaging refers to the manner in which electronic parts are packaged in preparation for use by electronic assemblers. The determination of packaging types is determined by product sensitivities such as moisture, physical (lead pitch, co-planarity), electrostatic discharge (ESD), as well as the method (manually, or by use of automated equipment) to be used to place parts on the printed circuit board. There are four types of packaging: bulk, trays, tubes, and tape and reel.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
Part Authentication

Part Verification

The process that attempts to determine whether a component is or is not a product manufactured by the Original Component Manufacturer.
Part Verification

Part Authentication

The process that attempts to determine whether a component is or is not a product manufactured by the Original Component Manufacturer.
Particle Impact Noise Detection Testing

PIND Testing

A nondestructive technique which uses controlled vibration and shock to detect loose particles in cavity devices (See MIL-STD-202, Test Method 217, or MIL-STD-750, Test Method 2052, or MIL-STD-883, Test Method 2020).
Passive Discrete Components

Active Discrete Components
Discrete Components

Discrete components are simply defined as single element (circuit) electronic devices. Discrete devices are subgrouped by passive (primarily to regulate voltage and current flows, although they cannot achieve power gain) and active (switching devices, with the exception of LED). Most commonly and for relevance in inspection methodologies, passive discrete components do not contain a silicon wafer while active components do. Active Discrete components increase the power of a signal and must be supplied with the signal and a source of power. The signal is fed into one connection of the active device and the amplified version taken from another connection. In a transistor, the signal can be applied to the base connection and the amplified version taken from the collector. The source of power is usually a direct current voltage from a battery or power supply. Examples are bipolar transistors, field effect transistors, light emitting diodes (LED), metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFED), etc. Passive Discrete components do not increase the power of a signal. They often cause power to be lost. Some can increase the voltage at the expense of current, so overall there is a loss of power. Examples are resistors, capacitors, inductors and diodes (the latter is a special case).
Sources: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B and White Horse Laboratories, Ltd
PCN

Product Change Notice

A document sent to users describing product or process changes, the reasons for the change, and the projected impact of the change.
Source: JEDEC website referencing JESD46C, 10/06
PDN

End-Of-Life Notice
Product Discontinuation Notice

A notice issued by an original component manufacturer that confirms that a particular component will no longer be manufactured.
Physical Defect


(1) A counterfeit indicator. (2) A defect directly related to the physical properties of a component typically classified as either exterior or interior defects depending on the location. See: Exterior Defect, Interior Defect"
Source: “Counterfeit Integrated Circuits: Detection, Avoidance, and the Challenges Ahead” by Ujjwal Guin, Daniel DiMase and Mohammad Tehranipoor
PI

Pro Forma Invoice
Proforma Invoice

A pro forma document is provided in advance of an actual transaction. Such a document serves as a model for the actual documents of the transaction. A pro forma (or proforma) invoice is a document that states a commitment from the seller to sell goods to the buyer at specified prices and terms. It is used to declare the value of the trade. It is not a true invoice, because it is not used to record accounts receivable for the seller and accounts payable for the buyer.
PIND Testing

Particle Impact Noise Detection Testing

A nondestructive technique which uses controlled vibration and shock to detect loose particles in cavity devices (See MIL-STD-202, Test Method 217, or MIL-STD-750, Test Method 2052, or MIL-STD-883, Test Method 2020).
PO

Purchase Order

A document used by a buyer to acquire a product or service, usually contains the terms and conditions (including price) governing the sale.
Source: Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International, SEMI® International Standards: Compilation of Terms (Updated 1108).
Pro Forma Invoice

PI
Proforma Invoice

A pro forma document is provided in advance of an actual transaction. Such a document serves as a model for the actual documents of the transaction. A pro forma (or proforma) invoice is a document that states a commitment from the seller to sell goods to the buyer at specified prices and terms. It is used to declare the value of the trade. It is not a true invoice, because it is not used to record accounts receivable for the seller and accounts payable for the buyer.
Product Change Notice

PCN

A document sent to users describing product or process changes, the reasons for the change, and the projected impact of the change.
Source: JEDEC website referencing JESD46C, 10/06
Product Discontinuation Notice

End-Of-Life Notice
PDN

A notice issued by an original component manufacturer that confirms that a particular component will no longer be manufactured.
Proforma Invoice

PI
Pro Forma Invoice

A pro forma document is provided in advance of an actual transaction. Such a document serves as a model for the actual documents of the transaction. A pro forma (or proforma) invoice is a document that states a commitment from the seller to sell goods to the buyer at specified prices and terms. It is used to declare the value of the trade. It is not a true invoice, because it is not used to record accounts receivable for the seller and accounts payable for the buyer.
Pull

Pulled
Pulls

See Used. (1) Any device that has been previously mounted (either soldered or socketed) onto a printed circuit board or any other electronic assembly. (2) Used parts should have full leads, unless otherwise specified. (3) Used parts may be sold in third party packaging or in bulk packaging and may consist of numerous date codes, lot codes, week codes, and countries of origin. (4) Used parts may have physical defects, such as scratches, slightly bent leads, test dots, faded markings, chemical residue, or other signs of use. (5) Used parts may be sold with a limited warranty. (6) Used programmable devices may still contain programs or remnants of programs not completely removed from the component, which could affect the device’s future use and functionality. (7) Used parts that are sold as refurbished should meet the industry definition of Refurbished or should be sold simply as USED or PULLED.
Pulled

Pull
Pulls

See Used. (1) Any device that has been previously mounted (either soldered or socketed) onto a printed circuit board or any other electronic assembly. (2) Used parts should have full leads, unless otherwise specified. (3) Used parts may be sold in third party packaging or in bulk packaging and may consist of numerous date codes, lot codes, week codes, and countries of origin. (4) Used parts may have physical defects, such as scratches, slightly bent leads, test dots, faded markings, chemical residue, or other signs of use. (5) Used parts may be sold with a limited warranty. (6) Used programmable devices may still contain programs or remnants of programs not completely removed from the component, which could affect the device’s future use and functionality. (7) Used parts that are sold as refurbished should meet the industry definition of Refurbished or should be sold simply as USED or PULLED.
Pulls

Pull
Pulled

See Used. (1) Any device that has been previously mounted (either soldered or socketed) onto a printed circuit board or any other electronic assembly. (2) Used parts should have full leads, unless otherwise specified. (3) Used parts may be sold in third party packaging or in bulk packaging and may consist of numerous date codes, lot codes, week codes, and countries of origin. (4) Used parts may have physical defects, such as scratches, slightly bent leads, test dots, faded markings, chemical residue, or other signs of use. (5) Used parts may be sold with a limited warranty. (6) Used programmable devices may still contain programs or remnants of programs not completely removed from the component, which could affect the device’s future use and functionality. (7) Used parts that are sold as refurbished should meet the industry definition of Refurbished or should be sold simply as USED or PULLED.
Purchase Order

PO

A document used by a buyer to acquire a product or service, usually contains the terms and conditions (including price) governing the sale.
Source: Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International, SEMI® International Standards: Compilation of Terms (Updated 1108).