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Glossary

 



Glossary Index

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O
Obsolescence

Obsolete

The term obsolete means the product or part is no longer in use, even though it may still be in working order. It is a term associated with outdated designs that are no longer supported by the manufacturer. A component may be referred to as obsolete if that product is no longer available from the original component manufacturer or through their franchised or authorized supplier. When components become unavailable through authorized supply channels, it typically becomes necessary to engage procurement activities from the open market. Independent Distributors become a valuable resource when a buyer is in need of obsolete material.
Obsolete

Obsolescence

The term obsolete means the product or part is no longer in use, even though it may still be in working order. It is a term associated with outdated designs that are no longer supported by the manufacturer. A component may be referred to as obsolete if that product is no longer available from the original component manufacturer or through their franchised or authorized supplier. When components become unavailable through authorized supply channels, it typically becomes necessary to engage procurement activities from the open market. Independent Distributors become a valuable resource when a buyer is in need of obsolete material.
Obsolete Component


A component that is no longer manufactured by the Original Component Manufacturer. An obsolete component can no longer be purchased directly from an OCM but may be sourced from the open market.
OCM

Component Manufacturer
Original Component Manufacturer

An entity that designs and/or engineers a part and is pursuing or has obtained the intellectual property rights to that part. 1. The part and/or its packaging is typically identified with the OCM’s trademark. 2. OCMs may contract out the manufacturing and/or distribution of their product. 3. Different OCMs may supply product for the same application or to a common specification.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
OEM

Original Equipment Manufacturer

A company that manufactures products that it has designed from purchased components and sells those products under the company’s brand name.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
Open Trusted Technology Provide Standard

O-TTPS

The O-TTPS is an open standard containing a set of organizational guidelines, requirements, and recommendations for integrators, providers, and component suppliers to enhance the security of the global supply chain and the integrity of Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This standard if properly adhered to will help assure against maliciously tainted and counterfeit products throughout the COTS ICT product life cycle encompassing the following phases: design, sourcing, build, fulfillment, distribution, sustainment, and disposal.
Revision Number: 1.0
Date Published: 2013-04
Source: The Open Group website
Original Component Manufacturer

Component Manufacturer
OCM

An entity that designs and/or engineers a part and is pursuing or has obtained the intellectual property rights to that part. 1. The part and/or its packaging is typically identified with the OCM’s trademark. 2. OCMs may contract out the manufacturing and/or distribution of their product. 3. Different OCMs may supply product for the same application or to a common specification.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
Original Equipment Manufacturer

OEM

A company that manufactures products that it has designed from purchased components and sells those products under the company’s brand name.
Source: SAE Aerospace Standard AS6081 Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Distributors
O-TTPS

Open Trusted Technology Provide Standard

The O-TTPS is an open standard containing a set of organizational guidelines, requirements, and recommendations for integrators, providers, and component suppliers to enhance the security of the global supply chain and the integrity of Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This standard if properly adhered to will help assure against maliciously tainted and counterfeit products throughout the COTS ICT product life cycle encompassing the following phases: design, sourcing, build, fulfillment, distribution, sustainment, and disposal.
Revision Number: 1.0
Date Published: 2013-04
Source: The Open Group website
Overflow


Excess blacktopping or paint visible on the side or edge of the component indicating the part may have been resurfaced and remarked.
Overproduced Part


(1) A counterfeit part type. (2) Parts manufactured in accordance with the Intellectual Property holder’s specifications but not with the IP holder’s authorization that are subsequently distributed in the open market and not within the authorized supply chain. (3.) Fabrication outside of IP holder agreed upon contract. See: Recycled Part, Remarked Part, Out-of-spec Part, Cloned Part, Tampered Part Note: “Today’s high-density integrated circuits are mostly manufactured in state-of-art fabrication facilities. Building or maintaining such facilities for the present CMOS technology is reported to cost more than several billion dollars and this number is growing [51]. Given this increasing cost and the complexity of foundries and their processes, the semiconductor business has largely shifted to a contract foundry business model (horizontal business model) over the past two decades. This is also true for the assembly where the dies are packaged, tested, and shipped to the market. Any untrusted foundry/assembly that has access to a designer’s IP, also has the ability to fabricate ICs outside of contract. They can easily sell excess ICs on the open market.”"
Source: “Counterfeit Integrated Circuits: Detection, Avoidance, and the Challenges Ahead” by Ujjwal Guin, Daniel DiMase and Mohammad Tehranipoor