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Integrated Circuit

Integrated circuits, also referred to as ICs, are devices with multiple circuits on a single die. The die is generally made of etched silicon, although technology has evolved for specification applications, such as Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) for ultra-high frequencies. There is a wide variation of integrated circuit complexity, including both digital and analog signal storage and management. There are two types of integrated circuits: Monolithic and Hybrids. Monolithic ICs are made of semiconductor devices and may include passive components, manufactured in a single die. Hybrid ICs are made of semiconductor devices and may include passive components but bonded together in a common substrate or board. Hybrid ICs can also be a combination of two or more ICs and/or other discrete components (like some power drivers, combining a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) with a Control IC). Integrated Circuits are generally classified as: Analog • Operational Amplifiers • FM transceivers • Regulators • RF Prescalers Digital • Memory • Processors • Controllers • FPGA Mixed-Signal • Digital-to-analog converters • Analog-to-digital converters • Motor Drivers • Power Management Devices
Source: IDEA Standard IDEA-STD-1010-B Acceptability of Electronic Components Distributed in the Open Market, Rev. B and White Horse Laboratories.