Mark Snider & Anne-Liese Heinichen
Let’s start with the definition of a cloned part. SAE Aerospace Standard AS6171 Test Methods Standard; General Requirements, Suspect/Counterfeit, Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical Parts defines cloned parts as one of seven counterfeit part types:
A reproduction of a part produced by an unauthorized manufacturer without approval or design authority that replicates the authorized manufacturer’s part. NOTE: Cloning eliminates the large development cost of a part. Cloning can be done in two ways: by reverse engineering or by obtaining design information and/or technical data inappropriately (such as by unauthorized knowledge transfer from a person with access to the part design).
Earlier this month, Advanced Component Testing, an independent electronic component test lab, performed a gap analysis between AS6171 and AS6081 to demonstrate the heightened stringency required by the newer AS6171 standard. The results of the comparison were captured in the enclosed paper.
SAE International has just published AS6171 – Test Methods Standard; General Requirements, Suspect/Counterfeit, Electrical, Electronic and Electromechanical Parts. According to SAE, the standard was developed to, “provide uniform requirements, practices and methods for testing EEE parts to mitigate the risks of receiving or using SC [suspect/counterfeit] EEE parts.”
As many of you know, ERAI staff is involved in the industry standards development process, specifically through SAE International. As a whole, SAE standards are developed to “ensure the safety, quality, and effectiveness of products and services”. While many of these standards tend to focus on aerospace, automotive, defense and other critical sectors, most are drafted to encompass general processes throughout multiple industries on an international level. Many are designed with a specific focus on an activity (e.g. distribution, manufacturing, integration) and material (e.g. EEE parts, counterfeit part mitigation).